Tuesday, 27 September 2011

Baby Care Tips - Sudden Infant Death Symdrome (SIDS)

I have read this article from some other website and again encountered this one again from Smart Parenting.
Upon reading this, I realized that I almost did all of the prevention tips stated here.

Anyway, I recommend to you guys to read this article as this may be helpful especially for new parents.

SIDS is the unexpected, sudden death of a child under age 1 in which an autopsy does not show an explainable cause of death. There are no symptoms, and as the name implies, it occurs suddenly. Even up to the present time, the cause of SIDS is still not identified. There are many theories about it, but the general idea is that there is no single factor that contributes to SIDS.

This phenomenon usually occurs between the ages of 1 month to 1 year old, with the highest incidence within the 2-4 months age group.

While the cause is unknown, there have been some risk factors identified with SIDS:
•    smoking, drinking, or drug use during pregnancy
•    poor prenatal care
•    prematurity or low birth-weight
•    mothers younger than 20
•    tobacco smoke exposure following birth
•    overheating from excessive sleepwear and bedding
•    stomach sleeping

The American Academy of Pediatrics has reviewed much of the research regarding SIDS and has come up with the following guidelines for parents, caregivers and medical practitioners that may help in the prevention of this syndrome:

“Back to sleep.” Always put a baby to sleep on his back. (This includes naps.) DO NOT put a baby to sleep on its stomach. Side sleeping is unstable and should also be avoided. Allowing the baby to roll around on its tummy while awake can prevent a flat spot (due to sleeping in one position) from forming on the back of the head

This is how my baby sleep. He rarely sleep with his back but he is more comfortable in this position

MOMMY G's comment: based on my experience, during the  first 3 mos of my baby, he did sleep with his back. Whenever I feel like he needs to sleep in his side, I put on a pillow on his back. I do this with caution and always check him. I allow him to sleep with his back if the weather is hot, so his back will not sweat that may cause respiratory problems like cough. On my observation, my baby started sleeping on his stomach when he started to crawl. maybe because he can support his body well at this period. until now, he is 1 year and 2 mos old, he sleeps in any position he is comfortable. But he prepared sleeping with his stomach and his butt pointed out. :) 

Let babies sleep in the same room (NOT the same bed) as parents. If possible, baby’s cribs should be placed in the parents' bedroom to allow for night-time feeding. By allowing baby to sleep in the same room, parents could easily hear if there is anything wrong with the baby. Allowing baby to sleep in the crib, instead of the parents’ bed prevents accidental smothering by a hand, an arm, or even a breast.

MOMMY G's comment: my baby just slept on his crib alone during the first week of his life. until now, he sleeps with us and he feels comfortable about it. When he's just until around 6 months and I'm breastfeeding, I feel that this is very convenient every night that I don't have to get up of bed and breastfeed him because he's with me and i can easily feed him with me and end both of us asleep. This is also an additional bonding time with us. I guess, what's important here is that, the parents should be very much aware that they are sleeping with their baby so that they can control their movements when they are asleep. But there are people who absolutely have no idea on how they sleep so parents, be very cautious before considering sleeping with your baby.

Only put babies to sleep in a crib. NEVER allow the baby to sleep in bed with other children or adults, and do NOT put them to sleep on surfaces other than cribs, like a sofa. Other children or even adults may accidentally cover baby’s mouth and nose. Soft surfaces may accidentally bury baby’s face into the cushion. The soft surface could create an enclosure around baby’s nose and mouth, which could lead to suffocation. Examples of these include soft mattresses or beddings, stuffed toys, or a pillow near the face

MOMMY G's comment: I always do this. Ensure that my baby is free from any accidental suffocation.

Avoid soft bedding materials. Babies should be placed on a firm, tight-fitting crib mattress with no comforter to avoid the soft sheet fluffing up. Use a light sheet to cover the baby. Do not use pillows, comforters, or quilts.

MOMMY G's comment: Done as always. Ensure that my baby is free from any accidental suffocation.

Do not use breathing monitors or products marketed as ways to reduce SIDS risk. In the past, home breathing monitors were recommended for families with a history of the condition. But research found that they had no effect, and the use of home monitors has largely stopped.

MOMMY G's comment: haven't tried and not applicable.

Make sure the room temperature is not too hot. The room temperature should be comfortable for a lightly-clothed adult. A baby should not be hot to the touch.

MOMMY G's comment: Done as always. He's not comfortable when its hot so I ensure proper ventilation.

Breastfeed your baby, if possible. Breastfeeding reduces some upper respiratory infections that may influence the development of SIDS. Breastfeeding also allows the mother to be in close watch over the baby for longer periods of time as compared to bottle feeding the babies

MOMMY G's comment: My baby is breastfed until 8 mos until he can't get enough milk from me.

Keep your baby in a smoke-free environment. Research has shown that babies born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy or after the baby is born have increased risk for SIDS.

MOMMY G's comment: I haven't smoked ever since. Both parents should commit quit smoking even before pregnancy to ensure having a healthy baby.

NEVER give honey to a child less than 1 year old. Honey in very young children may cause infant botulism, which may be associated with SIDS. Honey is a natural and unprocessed food that may contain bacteria that cause botulism.

MOMMY G's comment: I read this before but haven't tried. Lucky that I don't have honey during those times at home. Now that i have, I already knew about this.

Though the cause of SIDS remains unknown, it is still wise to follow these guidelines in the hopes of preventing the occurrence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. As the saying goes, “ An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.”

American Academy of Pediatrics Publications:
1.    Hauck, Thompson, Tanabe, Moon, Vennemann. “Breastfeeding and Reduced Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Meta-analysis” pediatrics.aapublications.org
2.    “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)” kidshealth.org
3.    “The Changing Concept of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Diagnostic Coding Shifts, Controversies Regarding the Sleeping Environment, and New Variables to Consider in Reducing Risk” aapolicy.aapublications.org

Parents and soon to be parents, this is very important for us to know.
Key message from this article, ensure that your baby can breathe well during his sleep because they cannot control their surroundings and of course don't have that force to push those materials blocking their faces.
Our role as parents and caregivers, ensure our baby's safety all the time.

**I have also read something about crying that may lead to SIDS but haven't remember the sire. Just beware because our babies especially at early stages of life cannot easily breathe while crying.



  1. yeah! i read about it.. so i had been very careful when my kids were still babies..

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  4. thanks for sharing this post... my bella is already 10 months old now and I am so excited about her turning 1... babies are so delicate and need close watch every time...

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